Stephen D. Pipes
Pvt Company "K"
161st Regiment, 16th Pennsylvania Cavalry
Stephen was a son of William Pipes and Nancy Hayden, born September 17, 1828 in Washington County, Pennsylvania, he was a grandson of Joseph Pipes (1763 - 1856) and must have known him while growing up there.
Stephen enlisted August 19th, 1862 at Washington, Pennsylvania and was Mustered in at Harrisburg Sept 19, 1862. His records say he was discharged March 29, 1864, at Mt Pleasant Hospital in Washington D.C., that he was 33 years old at enlistment, had blue eyes, light complexion, was 5' 9" tall and his occupation was Carpenter. There was a pension application made but I do not yet have a copy. He may have been wounded or injured as his unit was together until 1865.
Stephen married Sarah Chadwick in 1850 and had 6 children before going off to war and 1 son named James in 1865 after his return. He was a Wagon Maker and Carpenter and at one time was the postmaster in the small store front post office in the area. Stephen died in 1917 and is buried in Bethel Cemetery, Prosperity, Washington County, Pennsylvania.
ONE HUNDRED and SIXTY-FIRST INFANTRY (SIXTEENTH CAVALRY)
Sixteenth Cavalry. - Col., John Irvin Gregg; Lieut.-Cols., Lorenzo D. Rodgers, John K. Robison
Majors:, John K. Robison, William A. West, William H. Fry, John Stroup, Seth T. Kennedy,
Andrew F. Swan, James C. Robinson, Adam J. Snyder, R. W. McDowell.
The 16th cavalry, the 161st regiment of the line, was recruited from the state at large, rendezvoused at Camp Simmons, near Harrisburg, afterwards at Camp McClellan, and was mustered into the U. S. service during September, October and the first half of November, 1862, for three years.
Col. Gregg was an experienced officer, having served in the Mexican war, afterwards in the 11th U. S. infantry where he rose to the grade of captain, and later in the state militia. On the outbreak of the rebellion, he was made colonel of the 5th regiment of the reserve corps, but accepted a commission in the 6th U. S. cavalry instead and served with that regiment during the Peninsular and Maryland campaigns.
On Nov. 30 the regiment proceeded to Camp Casey, near Bladensburg, Md., and on Jan. 3, 1863, it joined the army of the Potomac at Falmouth, where it was assigned to Averell's division of the cavalry corps.
During the winter it was engaged in severe picket and guard duty and first met the enemy at Kelly's ford in March, 1863, where it met with a slight loss. It shared in the various movements of its division prior to and during the battle of Chancellorsville, but was not actively engaged. At Brandy Station in May it guarded the trains and had no part in the fighting. On June 1 it was assigned to the 2nd brigade 2nd division, cavalry corps, Col. J. Irvin Gregg commanding the brigade, Gen. David McM?, Gregg the division, and Gen. Pleasonton the corps.
On May 16, 1863, Capt. Robison was commissioned lieutenant-colonel and was in command of the regiment during the Gettysburg campaign. On the march northward into Pennsylvania it was engaged at Middleburg and Upperville. At Gettysburg it was only lightly engaged, losing 2 killed and 4 wounded. After the battle it followed in pursuit and was engaged at Halltown and Shepherdstown. In the latter action it made several gallant charges and met with a loss of 24 killed, wounded and missing.
In the fall campaign it skirmished at Culpeper and was active at Jeffersonton, Auburn and Bristoe Station, on the retreat to Centerville. In the Mine Run campaign it was active on the Fredericksburg plank road and at Parker's store.
During the winter of 1863-64 it participated in raids to Luray and Front Royal, and a detachment of the command shared in Kilpatrick's raid from Stevensburg to Richmond. On the opening of the spring campaign of 1864 it was active at the Wilderness and Todd's tavern; shared in Sheridan's cavalry raid to Richmond in May, and near the close of that month was heavily engaged at Haw's shop, losing 4 killed and 20 wounded, Lieut.Col. Robison being among the latter.
In June it moved with Sheridan in the expedition towards Lynchburg; was heavily engaged at Trevilian Station in June;
and at Samaria Church, where it repelled repeated charges.
During the rest of the year it was engaged at Malvern hill, Strawberry Plains, losing 7 killed, 2 officers and 22 men wounded, out of less than 200 engaged, at Six-mile house, Weldon railroad, at Reams, station, Poplar Spring Church, Belcher's mills, Hatcher's run where it lost 3 killed and 28 wounded, and on Dec. 1 it assisted in the capture of a fort, 3 guns and a number of prisoners, at Stony Creek station on the Weldon railroad. It shared in the Weldon railroad expedition
without loss and then went into winter quarters at Hancock's station.
Early in Feb., 1865, it was heavily engaged at Dabney's mill and on the opening of the final campaign it met with severe loss at Dinwiddie Court House. The regiment was incessantly active throughout the closing days of the war, being engaged at Five Forks, Amelia springs, Sailor's creek and Farmville.
Upon the close of hostilities it was posted at Lynchburg to preserve order and guard property and in August it moved to Richmond, Va., where it was mustered out on the 11th.
Source: The Union Army, vol. 1
Fought on 6 Jan 1863 at Opequan, VA.
Fought on 25 Feb 1863 at Hartwood Church, VA.
Fought on 17 Mar 1863.
Fought on 1 May 1863.
Fought on 2 May 1863 at Ely's Ford, VA.
Fought on 21 May 1863 at Dumfries, VA.
Fought on 22 May 1863 at Fairfax, VA.
Fought on 22 May 1863 at Fairfax Court House, VA.
Fought on 16 Jun 1863 at Shepherdstown, WV.
Fought on 18 Jun 1863 at Aldie, VA.
Fought on 19 Jun 1863 at Middleburg, VA.
Fought on 3 Jul 1863 at Gettysburg, PA.
Fought on 16 Jul 1863 at Shepherdstown, WV.
Fought on 16 Jul 1863 at Shepardstown, WV.
Fought on 13 Aug 1863 at Amissville, VA.
Fought on 26 Aug 1863.
Fought on 13 Sep 1863 at Culpeper, VA.
Fought on 12 Oct 1863 at Sulphur Springs, VA.
Fought on 12 Oct 1863 at Sulpher Springs, VA.
Fought on 13 Oct 1863 at Sulphur Springs, VA.
Fought on 14 Oct 1863 at Bristoe Station, VA.
Fought on 14 Oct 1863 at Auburn, VA.
Fought on 19 Oct 1863 at Bristoe Station, VA.
Fought on 12 Nov 1863 at Bealton Station, VA.
Fought on 29 Nov 1863 at Parker's Store, VA.
Fought on 2 Jan 1864.
Fought on 24 Jan 1864 at Charles City Cross Roads, VA.
Fought on 1 Mar 1864.
Stephen was discharged here 3-29-64 according to my records.
Fought on 22 Apr 1864.
Fought on 8 May 1864 at Wilderness, VA.
Fought on 9 May 1864 at Cold Harbor, VA.
Fought on 12 May 1864.
Fought on 21 May 1864 at Milford Station, VA.
Fought on 27 May 1864 at Hawes' Shop, VA.
Fought on 28 May 1864 at Hawes' Shop, VA.
Fought on 29 May 1864 at Hawes' Shop, VA.
Fought on 11 Jun 1864 at Trevillian Station, VA.
Fought on 12 Jun 1864 at Trevillian Station, VA.
Fought on 15 Jun 1864 at Old Church, VA.
Fought on 17 Jun 1864.
Fought on 19 Jun 1864 at Petersburg, VA.
Fought on 24 Jun 1864 at Charles City Cross Roads, VA.
Fought on 24 Jun 1864.
Fought on 29 Jun 1864 at Deep Bottom Run, VA.
Fought on 10 Jul 1864.
Fought on 18 Jul 1864.
Fought on 24 Jul 1864 at Malvern Hill, VA.
Fought on 28 Jul 1864 at Malvern Hill, VA.
Fought on 28 Jul 1864.
Fought on 29 Jul 1864 at Deep Bottom Run, VA.
Fought on 15 Aug 1864 at Deep Bottom Run, VA.
Fought on 16 Aug 1864 at Deep Bottom Run, VA.
Fought on 17 Aug 1864 at Deep Bottom Run, VA.
Fought on 23 Aug 1864 at Reams' Station, VA.
Fought on 24 Aug 1864 at Reams' Station, VA.
Fought on 25 Aug 1864 at Reams' Station, VA.
Fought on 28 Aug 1864 at Malvern Hill, VA.
Fought on 29 Aug 1864 at Reams' Station, VA.
Fought on 22 Sep 1864 at Winchester, VA.
Fought on 14 Oct 1864.
Fought on 22 Oct 1864 at Petersburg, VA.
Fought on 27 Oct 1864 at Boydton Plank Road, VA.
Fought on 1 Dec 1864 at Stoney Creek, VA.
Fought on 10 Jan 1865 at Petersburg, VA.
Fought on 16 Jan 1865 at Petersburg, VA.
Fought on 6 Feb 1865 at Hatcher's Run, VA.
Fought on 28 Mar 1865 at Jerusalem Plank Road, VA.
Fought on 31 Mar 1865 at Dinwiddie Court House, VA.
Fought on 1 Apr 1865 at Five Forks, VA.
Fought on 2 Apr 1865 at White Oak Road, VA.
Fought on 2 Apr 1865 at Five Forks, VA.
Fought on 5 Apr 1865 at Amelia Springs, VA.
Fought on 6 Apr 1865 at Sailor's Creek, VA.
Fought on 7 Apr 1865 at Farmville, VA.
Fought on 9 Apr 1865 at Appomattox Court House, VA.